Urban Voices: The Bay Area American Indian Community

$23.00 each

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The Intertribal Friendship House in Oakland remains a gathering place for Indian people who are new to the city, as well as for “urban Indians” whose parents and grandparents came here half a century ago.

Available in paperback only.  Susan Lobo, Sharon Mitchell Bennett (Pomo), Charlene Betsille (Yurok), Joyce Keoke (Lakota), Geraldine Martinez Lira (Lakota), Marilyn LaPlante St. Germaine (Blackfeet), eds., Urban Voices: The Bay Area American Indian Community. 2003, b/w photos and illustrations.

During the 1950s, the federal government relocated thousands of Indian families from their home reservations to 12 major cities, where they were promised educational and vocational training. While many, homesick and lonely, returned to their reservations, many stayed in the cities, creating intertribal communities and “friendship centers” to help each other survive. The Intertribal Friendship House in Oakland remains a gathering place for Indian people who are new to the city, as well as for “urban Indians” whose parents and grandparents came here half a century ago. Lovingly put together by the Editorial Committee of the IFH Community History Project, Urban Voices is a “family album” of photos, told stories and reminiscences, drawings, poems, letters, essays, posters, newspaper clippings and songs. Urban Voices is a living thing, an honoring for everyone who dropped in to IFH for Wednesday night dinner and never left.